Wednesday November 22, 2017

The reality that is climate change, is already affecting the Kenyan economy and its people in different ways. Recent increase in the frequency and severity of climate hazards in the country especially high temperatures, prolonged droughts, and floods among others are largely affecting major sectors including agriculture, water, health and energy. These effects are manifested in frequent crop failure, loss of livestock, increased conflict over resources and in some cases loss of lives.Arid and Semi-Arid Lands of Kenya are hard hit by effects of climate change with the poor becoming poorer, and hundreds of lives threatened as a result of drought.

Drought has become more frequent and unpredictable due to changes in seasons and weather patterns. Furthermore, the disconnect between community planning and government planning with no clear guidance and framework on how to go about climate change and related adaptation options has exacerbated the problem.Therefore, to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience of both people and the economic system, mainstreaming climate change into budgeting and planning is essential. Mainstreaming climate change across all planning levels will ensure efficiency and leveraging of the much-needed resources in interventions that will sustainably cushion communities against the muchexpected impacts of climate change.

In an attempt to ward off the negative impacts of climate change, the five Arid and Semi Arid counties of Isiolo, Wajir, Garissa, Makueni and Kitui have legislated climate change bills and regulations dubbed County Climate Change Fund (CCCF). Makueni and Wajir have passed the legislation with Isiolo, Kitui and Garissa at an advanced stage of legislating their regulations/bills that will help in curbing the effects of climate change. The laws are anchored on the recently enacted Kenya Climate Change Act, 2016 and Public Finance Management Act, 2012, guided by the Constitution of Kenya, 2010. The CCCF recognizes the role of communities in identifying, prioritizing and participating in implementation of climate change investments that build their resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change.


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