Friday July 21, 2017
1. MAINSTREAMING CLIMATE CHANGE INTO PLANNING: LESSONS FROM FIVE ARID AND SEMI ARID COUNTIES Mainstreaming climate change into Planning: lessons from five arid and semi Arid counties -
ADA 2nd learning report
The Adaptation Consortium (Ada) held its second learning event on 16th and 17th February 2017 at the Fairview Hotel, Nairobi. The event brought together Consortium partners from the five counties; national government representatives including The National Treasury, National Drought Management Authority (NDMA), National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), Climate Change Directorate (CCD), Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD) and representatives of the five County Governments of Kitui, Wajir, Garissa, Makueni and Isiolo. Development partners - Department for International Development (DfID) and Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA); researchers and NGOs also participated in the event.
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2. Building Resilient Communities through Devolved Climate Finance

Building Resilient Communities through Devolved Climate Finance

Adaptation Consortium pilots approaches to planning and financing, in partnership with the county and national governments, which strengthen climate resilience in five ASAL counties. The Consortium builds on a pilot project implemented in Isiolo between 2009 and 2013. These areas are experiencing impacts of increasingly variable climate and are impacted harder by climate change.

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3. A CLIMATE RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK FOR KENYA

A climate Risk Management Framework for Kenya

Kenya is one of the most disaster prone countries in the Horn of Africa. Disasters affect millions of people each year and therefore undermine the gains. The most common hazards to which Kenya is exposed to are drought and flooding.

Climate change is expected to exacerbate this situation by altering the intensity and frequency of natural hazards and amplifying their impact. The climate-sensitivity of key sectors of the economy further increases the degree of risk.

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4. Resource Atlas of Wajir County, Kenya

Resource Atlas of Wajir County, Kenya: Community-based mapping of pastoralist resources and their attributes

The use of participatory mapping is not new in seeking to capture an understanding of the community and its use of natural resources. These maps are typically drawn on the ground using stones, bits of wood and other easily available material to depict key features such as schools, water points, forest areas, etc.

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5. Direct use values of climate-dependent ecosystem services in Isiolo County, Kenya

This research builds a profile of the current direct use values of ecosystem services in the economy of Isiolo County. Particular consideration is given to climate-sensitive service values achieved per cubic metre of water, in addition to values per unit of land under pastoral rangeland and other uses.

Higher direct use values were observed per cubic metre of water for domestic uses and livestock water provisioning than for irrigated agricultural uses and tourism. Other dimensions of value that can supplement these direct-use values are identified through a Total Economic Valuation (TEV) approach. These findings highlight the need for an iterative public debate to refine the assignment of values to ecosystem services and enable cost benefit analysis by decision-makers.

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6. Resilience Assessment Toolkit.jpg

The resilience assessment is a participatory process allowing local people, differentiated by production system, gender and age, to articulate the rationale underpinning their livelihood strategies. It differs from other planning approaches in that is seeks explicitly to enable and empower local people to explain to those external to their community, such as government planners or NGO staff, the logic of their production strategies in the face of climate variability and change. It provides an opportunity for local governments and communities to discuss how local livelihoods function and interact, the factors that constrain their resilience to the impacts of climate change, and practical ways to build adaptive capacity and long term resilience.

The assessment process and its tools are a work in progress. It was initially developed the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) from tools developed from existing participatory research methods. The approach was first applied in Isiolo County over 2011-12 in the context of a pilot project to mainstream climate change into county government planning under the then Ministry of State for Development of Northern Kenya and Other Arid Lands.

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7. Resource Atlas of Isiolo County, Kenya

strong>Resource Atlas of Isiolo County, Kenya: Community-based mapping of pastoralist resources and their attributes

Participatory digital mapping using satellite imagery and digital earth and other open source Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a practical tool bridging the knowledge and communication gap between pastoral communities and county government planners. It is offering an effective option for participatory planning and decision-making in support of climate change adaptation in the drylands of Kenya.

These maps are typically drawn on the ground using stones, bits of wood and other easily available material to depict key features such as schools, water points, forest areas, etc. Such processes produce perception maps rich in local knowledge and reflecting community priorities. From the perspective of government planners, however, such maps are of limited use for planning as they lack accurate scales and coordinates – characteristics essential for demarcating the location and extent of resources on which to develop by-laws for their protection and good management.

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8. Strengthening Local Customary Institutions Case Study Strengthening Local Customary Institutions: A Case Study in Isiolo County, Northern Kenya

The benefits of adaptations to strengthen the capacities of customary institutions for natural resource stewardship to prepare for climate change, variability and drought risk were investigated through a rapid participatory assessment approach. The objective of the assessment was to weigh the benefits and costs of the investments in adaptation to short-term and long-term climate variability and change.

The investments included funds made available through a devolved Climate Adaptation Fund (CAF), as well as from other sources. £66,234 was invested by Ward Adaptation Planning Committees in the wards of Kinna, Garba Tula, Sericho and Merti to build adaptive capacity to shocks and climate variability by strengthening customary institutions known in the local Boran dialect as 'Dedha'. These CAF funds enabled the Dedha to review their institutional functions and procedures and to hold strategic meetings, including cross border meetings with resource users from neighbouring counties.

Dedha members then invested their own funds to boost resource surveillance and management of the grazing areas over the long dry season May-October, 2014.

Click here to download the Briefing paperpdf
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9. securing community land Securing Community Land Rights in the Kenyan ASALs: Available Legal Options

This report has been prepared for the Adaptation Consortium, which is a core component of the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA) and one of six components of the Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya StARCK+ project funded by DFID. It presents legal options available to county governments for securing community rights over the management and use of land and land-based resources in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) under the new policy and institutional context in Kenya underpinned by the Constitution of Kenya 2010, the National Land Policy and New Land and Natural Resource Sector legislation being developed to implement the policy and institutional reforms.

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10. Participatory Mapping using Digital Earth Tools, Imagery and Open Source GIS in the drylands of Kenya and Tanzania.

Participatory Mapping using Digital Earth Tools, Imagery and Open Source GIS in the drylands of Kenya and Tanzania.
Chris Hill, Tom Rowley, Homme Zwaagstra, Andrew Harfoot and Mike Clark

This paper presents ongoing experience from Kenya and Tanzania using an improved mapping system and workflow that enables pastoral communities to *demonstrate, in a 'language' understood by policy makers and planners, the logic behind their livelihood strategies. The work is being carried out within a broader context of political and administrative devolution where County and District governments in Kenya and Tanzania, respectively, have authority over local planning and development processes, and where the policy and legal environment is increasingly supportive of pastoralism.

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11. Evolving Customary Institutions in the Drylands

Evolving Customary Institutions in the Drylands An opportunity for devolved natural resource governance in Kenya?
Daoud Tari and James Pattison

Improved governance of natural resources is crucial for building climate resilient livelihoods and economies in Africa's drylands. This paper looks at why the authority and capacity of customary natural resource management institutions has been weakened, and how this impacts on resource governance and climate resilience.

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12. Development in Practice

Development in Practice - Volume 24, Issue 4, 2014
Supporting local climate adaptation planning and implementation through local governance and decentralised finance provision


Policies developed at national levels can be unresponsive to local needs. Often they do not provide the rural poor with access to the assets and services they need to allow them to innovate and adapt to the ways that increased climate variability and change exacerbate challenges to basic securities – food, water, energy, and well-being. In development deficit circumstances, common pool resources are important for climate adaptation purposes. In order for climate adaptation actions to deliver resilience, local perspectives and knowledge need to be recognised and given due priority in formal planning systems.


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13. Isiolo County Adaptation Fund: Procedure Manual Adaptation Fund: VERSION 2 | JANUARY 2014
Procedure Manual - This manual accompanies the Constitutions of the County and Ward Committees.

This manual contains the procedures of the ICAF and is for use by WAPCs, CAPC, IIED, other donors and auditors. Updates to this manual may be requested by following the procedure outlined in the Introduction.Procedures for designing and monitoring projects to be funded from the Project Fund
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14. Isiolo County Adaptation Fund: Activities, Costs and Impacts after the 1st Investment Round Isiolo County Adaptation Fund: Activities, costs and impacts after the 1st investment round
National Drought Management Authority - Kenya Project Report: June 2014


Climate change adaptation in circumstances of development deficits is a major challenge facing much of Africa. Nowhere is adaptation more necessary than in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) of Kenya where the effects of climate change will hit communities and economies earlier and more severely than other areas of the country.
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15. Devolved Adaptation Planning: The Isiolo County Adaptation Fund as a Model for Community Driven Adaptation in Kenya Kenya National Drought Management Authority Devolved Adaptation Planning: The Isiolo County Adaptation Fund as a Model for Community Driven Adaptation in Kenya - Kenya National Drought Management Authority

This paper is aimed squarely at government planners in dryland counties, at policymakers and development practitioners and at donor organisations wanting to implement strategies to support community-driven adaptation.
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16. Wajir County CC Fund Procedure Manual V3

The Purpose of the Manual
i) These procedures are necessary for Wajir County Climate Change Fund Steering Committee, Board, Fund Administrator and WCCFPCs to administer, disburse and report funds for the Wajir County Climate Change Fund.
ii) Other procedural rules and regulations are contained in the Wajir County Climate Change Act and other regulations and procedure borne by the act.
iii) This manual contains four (4) parts

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17. Agent Procedures Manual

The Purpose of the Manual
i) These procedures are necessary for ADA Consortium Members, IIED & Christian Aid, County Agents and Sub-Agents to administer and disburse operational funds, design project proposals, procure and contract contractors and to report to donors on the use of DFID CCF funds.
ii) This manual will be used to support in county Climate Change legislation while upholding DFID financial accountability rules that do not allow for DFID funds to be transferred to government structures in Kenya at this time.
ii) This manual contains two parts.

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