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Report on Effectiveness and Sustainability of CIS in Makueni and Garissa Counties in Kenya

Report on Effectiveness and Sustainability of CIS in Makueni and Garissa Counties in Kenya Report on Effectiveness and Sustainability of CIS in Makueni and Garissa Counties in Kenya

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Climate Information Services (CIS) can inform decisions in the agriculture, water resources and other weather and climate sensitive sectors. This study aimed to evaluate the implementation, effectiveness, and sustainability of CIS in Makueni and Garissa Counties in Kenya, as a sample of the five counties that Ada Consortium project was implementing under the STARCK + PROJECT. The field surveys, farmers, pastoralists, key informants and the County Meteorological Office provided useful information that could improve the implementation and sustainability of CIS plans in the region. 

The assessment of the CIS implementation in these counties established that most users of CIS information in the two counties accessed daily, weekly, monthly and seasonal forecasts, with daily and seasonal forecasts being the most preferred. Most of the farmers said the CIS information was reliable, appropriate and effective and led to improved farm decisions such as when to plant, buy seeds, re-stock or migrate in search of pasture and water. Rainfall amount and onset dates were the most important CIS information sought by users in both counties while local FM stations were the most popular mode of accessing information and were viewed to be effective, reaching over 90% of the sampled population in both counties. 

Overall, more than 50% of the farmers from both counties said they benefitted from decisions they made based on CIS information. Some said they now plan better with CIS leading to minimal losses and better yields among other benefits. From the County Meteorological Offices, the current number of users of CIS in both regions is estimated at more than 50% of the total number of users. The CIS integration in County plans in Makueni has led to improved decisions in the short, medium and long-term projects, while in Garissa the CIS plan has not yet been fully implemented.

Several challenges to the implementation of CIS include lack of sufficient funding and infrastructure for dissemination of CIS to all potential users. It is therefore recommended that more resources be availed for capacity building of users of CIS in these regions to boost uptake of CIS and to increase meteorological observation stations in the region to improve the coverage and downscaling of climate forecasts to users at the village level. There is also a need to train more staff to improve technical support and dissemination of CIS to all potential users.